It has therefore been argued that the TRIPS standard, which requires all countries to have strict IP systems in place, will harm the development of the poorest countries.   It has been argued that it is in the strategic interest of most, if not all, countries to use the flexibility available in TRIPS to pass the weakest IP laws.  This situation is likely due to the lack of legal and technical expertise needed to develop legislation to implement flexibilities, which has often led developing countries to directly copy IP legislation from developed countries or technical assistance from the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), which critics say , encourages them to introduce more powerful intellectual property monopolies. Articles 3, 4 and 5 contain the basic rules on the treatment of foreigners by nationals and the most advantaged, which are common to all categories of intellectual property covered by the agreement. These obligations relate not only to standards of material protection, but also to issues relating to the availability, acquisition, scope, maintenance and application of intellectual property rights, as well as intellectual property issues that are explicitly mentioned in the agreement. While the national treatment clause prohibits discrimination between nationals of one member and nationals of other members, the most favoured nation clause prohibits discrimination between nationals of other members. With respect to the national treatment obligation, exemptions authorized by WIPO`s existing IP agreements are also permitted under TRIPS. If these exceptions allow for substantial reciprocity, a derogation from the resulting MFN treatment is also permitted (for example. (b) the comparison of copyright protection provisions exceeding the minimum duration provided for by the TRIPS agreement, in accordance with Article 7, paragraph 8, of the Bern Agreement, in accordance with the ON THE TRIPS agreement). Other limited exceptions to the MFN obligation are also provided.
TRIPS require Member States to firmly protect intellectual property rights. Example trips: the general objectives of the ON TRIPS agreement are contained in the preamble to the agreement, which incorporates the fundamental negotiating objectives of the Uruguay Round, set in the ADPIC region by the 1986 Punta del Este Declaration and the 1988-1989 mid-term revision. These objectives include reducing distortions and barriers to international trade, promoting effective and adequate protection of intellectual property rights, and ensuring that measures and procedures to enforce intellectual property rights do not themselves become barriers to legitimate trade. These objectives should be understood in conjunction with Article 7 Objectives, under which the protection and implementation of intellectual property rights should contribute to the promotion of technological innovation and the transfer and dissemination of technology, to the mutual benefit of producers and users of technological knowledge, and in a way that promotes social and economic well-being. , as well as the balance of rights and obligations.