Turkey Libya Agreement Explained

The Israeli perspective of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs comments that the agreement does not give sovereignty to Turkey and Libya over the claimed waters. [16] In addition, it is said that third countries have been kept in the dark about the agreement between Libya and Turkey, raising questions about its legitimacy. [16] There is no doubt that the current tensions in the eastern Mediterranean have been fuelled by the use of exclusive economic zones as a means of enforcing national rights to energy exploration and natural resources. This came a few months after the agreement between Turkey and Libya, when Greece responded by signing separate maritime border agreements with Egypt and Italy. Under the agreement, Turkey and the UN-recognized government have seen increased cooperation in Libya. This cooperation ranges from Turkey`s offshore exploration efforts to the government`s support of the National Agreement, to the ongoing Libyan civil war (2014-present). [22] As the issues arising from the dispute are still evolving, the full consequences of this maritime conflict are not yet foreseeable. The issue of border delimitation in the eastern Mediterranean has unique factors that must be taken into account when borders are defined. The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNDSC) proposes a fair and legitimate distribution of maritime resources and the delimitation of maritime borders. While the geographical conditions of the region are at the heart of disputes over EEZs in the eastern Mediterranean, the policies of nations, in particular, are contrary to the convention`s fundamental principles, such as the principles of “justice,” “non-intervention” and “equitable geographical distribution.” The international legal order of the EEZ was governed by Articles 55-57 of Part V of UNCLOS of 1982. According to Article 57 of the Convention, “the exclusive economic zone shall not extend to more than 200 nautical miles from the baselines from which the width of the sea of the coast is measured.” Since the distance between countries is less than 400 nautical miles in the region, the EEZ borders can only be determined by agreements between several states and, furthermore, the islands cannot have full control over the EEZs, so they cannot declare their sovereignty. The International Court of Justice has indicated that common law delimitations are carried out in accordance with “principles of fairness” and taking into account all “related situations” by an “agreement”.